It has a muscular texture and is soft on touch. Prostate gland is responsible for producing semen in men. Prostatomegaly occurs when cells of prostate gland start multiplying and as a result it's size increases up to a dangerous level that it compresses urethra. Due to compression of urethra, the flow of urine becomes limited. Prostatomegaly is not a cancerous condition and it has nothing to do with cancer. Even it does not lead to cancer.
Talking about the grading of prostatomegaly, it is dependant on the size of prostate gland. The size of prostate gland start increasing slowly when men reach at the age of 40 or 45. Usually it does not harm urethral flow of urine but after 40 or 45 years of age, the cells of prostate gland start multiplying and make it swell. There are markings of size of prostate gland which can seen in the radiographic imaging of prostate gland. The size of 33cc is the marking that prostate gland has increased in size than usual. 33 cc means 30 grams. This size classified prostatomegaly into different grades i.e. grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3. These grades are specific about their symptoms and their treatment plans.
The intensity of symptoms start increasing from grade 1 to grade 3.
In grade 1 of prostatomegaly, the symptoms are mild. These symptoms include decrease flow of urine due to increased size of prostate gland. Other than decreased flow of urine, the urination time may increase. Patient used to wait longer for urine to flow. The symptoms are mild enough that these do not disturb the routine life of patient. No specific treatment is required for that purpose but some lifestyle changes helps a lot to cover these symptoms.
As grading system of prostatomegaly is dependent on the size of prostate gland. so the size of prostate gland in grade 1 prostatomegaly is increase in 25 percent of original size of prostate gland.
Some patients who are not satisfied with their life style modifications, usually use medications for grade 1 prostatomegaly. These medications provide benefits but also pose some side effects. As compared to other two grades of prostatomegaly, grade 1 is easy to treat. People with grade 1 prostatomegaly does not have to worry about it because it is harmless. But if patient does not follow some life style modifications or some medications then it may transform to grade 2 and then grade 3 and the symptoms keep going severe. And the treatment will not be an easy task.