Fascioplasty Definition, Procedure, Complications, Indications

Fascioplasty as the name indicates is the surgical procedure in which the fascia is surgically improved. Fascioplasty depends upon the location of fascia in body. Basically fascia is the sheet of connective tissues i.e. collagen. It is present just beneath the skin and it's main function is to provide stabilization and attachment. It's main function is to separate vital organs from muscles. Fascia has three main layers I.e. superficial fascia, deep fascia and visceral or parietal fascia. It is also classified on the basis of anatomical and functional location. Fascioplasty is like plastic surgery and moulding or shaping of skin.

There is a term fasciotomy which is different from fascioplasty. In fasciotomy small cuts or incisions are made on skin to release pressure And relief tension but fascioplasty is the complete moulding of skin. Fascioplasty can be performed for any part of body. Fascia is located in between the layers of muscles and around muscles. And there Are some techniques which are used to repair muscles. One of which is myoplasty. Myoplasty is the surgical procedure to mould and repair muscles surgically. Fascioplasty is performed only in case of burnt skin or any other severe skin disease which cannot be repaired with the help of medications.

Fascioplasty Definition, Procedure, Complications, Indications

Fascioplasty Procedure

Fascioplasty is performed to improve the fascia of skin. Fascia is an important part of skin which has a major function of differentiating organs from muscles. In fascioplasty, the desired region is sprayed with local anesthesia. Then the damaged or burnt skin is removed with the help of surgical instruments. It should not be removed with the hands directly. For the removal of damaged fascia, incision is made. Incision or small cut make the removal easier. Then the affected site is replaced with an artificial fascia which looks natural.

Fascioplasty Contraindications

Fascioplasty is contraindicated in a condition named arthrolysis of the elbow. In this condition, fascioplasty would be of no help. Other than this, in reconstruction of the collateral ligaments, fascioplasty cannot be performed. Fascioplasty is a simple surgical procedure and is only performed when medications are of no use anymore. Fascioplasty is performed in about every severe situation of skin and muscles except the above mentioned two conditions. Fascioplasty is contraindicated in case of cancerous condition. Because fascioplasty in skin cancer is not possible and cancerous cells may spread. The cells become malignant and then become un-treatable for patient.

Fascioplasty Indications

Fascioplasty is the surgical moulding or repair of damaged fascia. It is the plastic surgery of skin and muscles which may get burn or undergo severe injury. Muscles or fascia which got damage during an accident also require fascioplasty. Fascioplasty is the last option for fascia recovery. Medications are first tried for the purpose of recovery. Fascioplasty is performed to change the structure of the muscles. As main functions of fascia is to separate organs from muscles, that's why surgery is important. Fascioplasty can also be performed after delivery of a baby, specially after C section delivery.